A transformer is an efficient, effective and economical solution that plays a vital role in transmitting power throughout the industry with electromagnetic induction that doesn’t affect the frequency level. An ideal design of this static device is the one that supplies the same amount of power at the input as well as an output terminal with zero energy losses. However, it is not possible to attain this 100% efficiency because of the losses in the cores and windings, which sometimes affects the working and creates some issues. As it is a static device, so, you will never experience any mechanical loss in it, but there are a number of electrical losses that occur and you should know about them to avoid any catastrophe. So, let’s take a look and come to about them.
- Copper Losses: It basically occurs in the windings of the transformers that are wound around the laminated core. And the reason behind such loss is the overheating due to the current passing and internal resistance offered by the windings. These are present in both primary as well as secondary windings and are also considered as the Ohmic losses.
- Iron Losses: These basically occur in the core, which is an important part of a transformer. This type of loss basically generated due to the variation in the flux. These are known as iron losses because they depend on the magnetic properties present in the core. They are constant and are of two common types such as Eddy Current Loss and Hysteresis Loss.
- Stray Losses: Last but not the least in the list is stray losses. The main reason behind their occurrence is the leakage of the magnetic flux. These are small but can take the shape of disaster if not cured on time.
Any of the above losses may affect the working of the transformer and therefore, it is important to find out an ideal solution to avoid them shortly. The easiest way is to buy the right model and volt-rating device that is able to handle the load of your industry, so, it never creates any loss. And to identify any such loss, you should inspect the behaviors of the transformer at the time when the load is applied to it. Your little carefulness may save you from the big trouble, so, you should be attentive all the time to avoid them. You can take professional support for any doubt you have about the device and its working.